They also have two unique pairs of flippers: The front flippers have five digits, and the back flippers can turn forward to help with moving on ice. The Arctic and the Antarctic have plenty in common — namely, both regions are vast, cold, and best accessed by boat. We accept no responsibility for any videos from third-party sources. Born and raised in Louisiana, he has lived as an expat for over a decade, worked in nearly a dozen countries, and visited dozens of others in between. Also the regions actually differ in their climates and wildlife. Next: More arctic and more Antarctica, including Science and survival on Continent 7 and Drifting With the Ice: Life on an Arctic Expedition. Arctic land is bordered by the subarctic. Cracks in the Ice. Scroll down for a list of 6 differences between the Arctic and Antarctic regions. DID YOU KNOW: Belugas’ distinctive – and flexible! … When thinking of dream destinations, most people first consider the most popular tourist attractions in the world. Label the Penguin Worksheet. DID YOU KNOW: Though leopard seals are known for eating penguins, they’ll actually eat just about anything, including squid, fish, and the pups of other seal species. There are many differences between the two regions of the world in a description of the environment, the weather, the plants and animals that live there, and the amount of human activity. Though somewhat penguin-like in appearance, these shags are actually cormorants and can fly. The largest land creature in our southernmost continent is the Belgica antartica, a tiny wingless fly … Typical animals in Arctic vs Antarctic: Polar bears. Antarctica is the earth’s southernmost and fifth-largest continent, dividing the southern waters of the Pacific and Atlantic oceans. CBeebies Go Jetters Continent of Antarctica PowerPoint Temperatures. How They’re Different. As seen in the famous documentary March of the Penguins, this species is renowned for their incredible journey to the harshest breeding grounds on the planet. As a result, Arctic wildlife and Antarctica wildlife are vastly different, and the regions are inhabited primarily by specialized species. DID YOU KNOW: Minke whales are the smallest of the baleen whales, and the only species of whale that is still commonly found in Antarctica. Travel lovers gift guide: 5 gifts that give back! Antarctica. We discussed how the two poles are very far from each other so the animals in the arctic don't ever see the animals from the antarctic. Arctic vs Antarctic Travel Seasons. Walrus have distinct herds from the Pacific to Atlantic, and they like to congregate in large social huddles. Antarctic animals vs. Arctic beasts: A quick look at who lives where Five animals you'll find at either frigid end of the planet. Then, they jump high and pounce through the snow crust to get it. From sushi to seaweed to Shibuya Crossing, adventurer Marina Barbir shines a light on what makes this country so unique, There are two ways to take in the famed isles and we're sharing the incredible things you can see in either direction, A bevvy of international beverages to help you ring in a refreshing new year, Support global community tourism projects with Planeterra's curated holiday gift shop, Sip the local grapes, scarf down tapas and burn it all off on a hearty 6-day hike through the lesser-travelled regions of Southern Spain. Because the Arctic has plants and fresh water, it’s able to support several large land mammals as well as smaller rodents, weasels, and insects. Whereas the Arctic is an ocean surrounded by continents. Sea ice differs between the Arctic and Antarctic, primarily because of their different geography. DID YOU KNOW: Though they’re tiny — only about the size of your pinky finger — there are so many krill in the Southern Ocean that, at some points during the year, giant schools can be spotted from space. Polar bears can only be found in the Arctic, penguins can only be found in the Antarctic, all other animals are typically found in both places. The fauna is also not the same. By no means does this exhaust the list of Arctic animals. (You can visit many polar bear habitats on our Realm of the Polar Bear tour, endorsed by animal activist Jane Goodall.). 100% Guaranteed Departures Antarctic. Rodents, such as lemmings, squirrels, and Artic hares, are ever-present, as are Arctic wolves, moose, and Dall sheep. When choosing polar destinations, Antarctica is often top of mind for many people but the Arctic offers distinct and incredible travel experiences. The two landscapes however are made up in very different ways. We will plunge into the wonderful world of two poles and learn all about animals… One of the most basic differences between Antarctica cruises and the Arctic cruises is the travel season. In Antarctica, the marine fauna boasts sea lions, whales, seals and elephant seals, amongst other creatures. The main difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is geography. Their respective adaptations are consequently usually designed for either heat or cold. These giant birds spend most of their time flying — they only return to land to breed. I am from South Africa and have lived in Seattle since1995 when Zegrahm Expeditions sponsored... We hope you enjoyed the selections from our first round of book recommendations curated by our expert expedition team. They inhabit some of the harshest conditions on the planet, using different survival methods for withstand the freezing temperatures. Antarctica is a land mass even though much of it is buried under snow and ice. CONSERVATION STATUS: Vulnerable. FREE Resource! SIZE: 1.1m (3.6 ft) long, 8 to 11.5kg (18 to 25 lbs). Check out our wide variety of polar Expedition trips here. * The Antarctic has penguins and the Arctic doesn't. The first difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is they’re located on opposite sides of the world. Seattle, WA 98121, The ABCs of a Luxury Trip to Antarctica: Amenities, Benefits & Cost, A Tribute To Edward Bransfield and the Discovery of the Antarctic Continent, But there are other, more subtle differences between these places. Experts believe a drastic population loss of about 4 percent a year is due to fisheries — the birds range so far afield that they encounter many longline fleets, upping their risk of being caught accidentally. The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and ... in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. HABITAT: These giants of the penguin world are marine creatures, but they’re considered pelagic, which means they stick close to the shoreline. CONSERVATION STATUS: Vulnerable. Plus, some of them are weirdly cute (see: the water bear). The symbol of the Arctic is often the polar bear, the pole's cute yet fearsome top predator. As an agent of change, you have the power to change the world. North American populations of rangifer tarandus are called caribou, European ones are reindeer, and none of them can fly (as far we know). The main difference between Arctic and Antarctic is that the Arctic is a polar region on the Earth's northern hemisphere and ... in the Arctic includes organisms living in the ice, zooplankton and phytoplankton, fish and marine mammals, birds, land animals, plants and human societies. SIZE: 2.8 to 3m (9.1 to 9.8 ft) long, 300 to 500kg (661 to 1,102 lbs). Most of the plants in the Antarctic are mosses, liverworts, lichens and fungi. Use this activity / activities to help the children compare the Arctic and Antarctic regions. Differences Between the Arctic and Antarctic The term "Polar Opposites" surely originated from the North Pole and South Pole, but besides being on opposite sides of the planet, there are many other less-obvious differences between the poles. They’re found throughout the Arctic, from Canada and Greenland to Russia and Scandinavia. Being primarily a thin layer of ice, the arctic is very sensitive to changing … This cannot be undone. Geography. Animals in polar regions have … * The Arctic has polar bears and the Antarctic does not. They are highly regarded divers, able to stay underwater 20-30 minutes on a single breath, and can reach over 4,000 feet deep. Similar adaptations help plants, algae, fungi, and lichens survive in both the Arctic and Antarctic. Weighing a mere 11 pounds, Adelie penguins live in the deep, deep south and travel long distances inland to nest. Note: If you only want to remove this post from public view, you can choose to unpublish it instead. DID YOU KNOW: Arctic foxes don’t start getting chilly until the temperature hits -50°C (-58°F) (!) Here are some research questions to ask the children: Where are the Arctic and Antarctic on … Small plants and shallow root systems compensate for the thin layer of soil, and small leaves minimize the amount of water lost through the leaf surface. So I guess that would be a main difference; they are both pretty chilly at times, long days and nights. * The Antarctic has penguins and the Arctic doesn't. Despite its lack of plant life, Antarctica is home to many species of animals including seals, whales, and many different kinds of p enguins, such as gentoos, king penguins, and emperor penguins. 1,700 different species of plants that grow in the arctic tundra (arctic and sub-arctic). DID YOU KNOW: Unlike many animals, males and female emperor penguins grow to about the same size and have similar plumage. It is colder and windier in Antarctica than in the Arctic. The main difference between polar and tundra regions is that polar regions are the surrounding area of Arctic and Antarctic poles, whereas tundra regions are biomes with a cold climate and less plantation on land.. In both places the winters are frozen and devastatingly dark. SIZE: 2.6 to 4.5m (8.5 to 14.7 ft), 700 to 1,600kg (1,543 to 3,527 lbs). It can be challenging to find the best way for children to learn the difference between Arctic and Antarctic. The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. Antarctica’s invertebrates also warrant attention. One of the most basic differences between Antarctica cruises and the Arctic cruises is the travel season. In other words, the Arctic has plentiful plant life, whereas the mere 1% of Antarctica that isn’t ice is sparsely vegetated. 3131 Elliott Avenue, Suite 250 These nesting colonies will sometimes contain over half a million birds, which makes them very noisy and super-smelly places. The North Pole is in the middle of the Arctic Ocean which is surrounded by the land masses of North America, Europe and Asia so there is a land connection to the south meaning that land animals can more easily reach the Arctic unlike Antarctica where animals must be able to swim or fly across hundreds … Floes are more prone to converge, or bump into each other… The Arctic also boasts much more flora – nearly 1,500 difference species – than its icy southern counterpart. Or would you prefer the Emperor penguins of Antarctica? Key Difference: The most obvious difference between Antarctic and Arctic is that Antarctic is located in the southern hemisphere and encompasses the South Pole region, whereas Arctic is located in the northern hemisphere and encompasses the North Pole region. This Webby award-winning video collection exists to help teachers, librarians, and families spark kid wonder and curiosity. Though there are still plenty of reindeer roaming the Arctic, populations have declined sharply in recent years, which has conservationists concerned. King, chinstrap, and gentoo are three more species of penguins to spot. DID YOU KNOW: Though reindeer and caribou look different (reindeer tend to be smaller, for one thing), they’re from the same species. DID YOU KNOW: Unlike most owls, snowy owls are diurnal, or active during the day. It's the difference between arc and antarc, as in Atlas and Antiatlas.. the same but different. SIZE: 9m (29.5 ft) long, 10 tonnes (22,046 lbs). Where are you from and where have you lived? This is largely due to the Arctics connection with the mainlands of other continents, during the winter months with the sea freezes over. The Arctic summer has daylight 24 hours a day. The Northern Lights or Aurora Borealis shine in the north and The Southern Lights or Aurora Australis lights the sky in the south. The planet’s polar regions, the Arctic and Antarctic, are both remarkably cold, which may explain why people often get them confused. Next: More arctic and more Antarctica, including Science and survival on Continent 7 and Drifting With the Ice: Life on an Arctic Expedition. While travelers visit both locales in their respective summer seasons, these seasons fall in different times of the year: Arctic expedition cruises run from May through September, and Antarctic expeditions from November through … Both are technically cold deserts, with very little precipitation. Why do they behave differently? The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. Privacy Notice: We use technologies on our website for personalizing content, advertising, providing social media features, and analyzing our traffic. * The Arctic has polar bears and the Antarctic does not. But there is a big difference between the two: there is sea water below the Arctic ice cap, and there is rocky mainland below the Antarctic ice cap. They can change the shape of their melons at will, which allows them to make facial expressions and communicate with other whales via chirps, clicks, whistles, and squeals. On Antarctica there was never a native community; no one even saw the Antarctic until 1820, no one stepped on it until two years later, and since 1898 no one has spent a whole year there. The Arctic is just frozen ocean, with no land mass. But there are other, more subtle differences between these places. This ability makes them extremely interesting to scientists. Both the Arctic and the Antarctic are vast and remote, considered the last untamed wildernesses in the world. That is Arctic is... • Antarctica is a continent surrounded by the world’s stormiest seas. Arctic sea ice has declined over the past five decades, while Antarctic sea ice has increased, and then declined. Most of the small plants and thick-haired animals, such as musk ox, in the region live on this land. King, chinstrap, and gentoo are three more species of penguins to spot. SIZE: 2 to 3m (6.6 to 9.8 ft) tall, 352 to 680kg (776 to 1,449 lbs), HABITAT: These apex predators, whose Latin name means “sea bear,” spend most of their life around water, usually on sea ice throughout northern Canada, Alaska, Greenland, Norway, and Russia. Want to check out the polar bears of the Arctic? Climate change causes sea ice to melt earlier in the spring and form later in the fall, leaving bears spending more and more time on land, where there’s limited food. HABITAT: Wandering albatrosses live up to their name with a territory that spans from Antarctica to Namibia. The primary difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is geographical. Temperatures. My understanding of the difference between Arctic and Antarctic was piecemealed over the years by my own developing brain, which often made incorrect assumptions based on poor information and child logic. Adults are a favorite menu item for leopard seals, and the eggs and chicks are loved by skuas (highly aggressive seabirds). 7. The lowest temperature ever measured, -89.2°C, was registered Vostok in Antarctica on 21 July 1983. More of his work can be found at Jonathon Engels: A Life About. We labeled our map with North and Arctic versus South and Antarctic. Jonathon Engels is a traveler, writer, and vegan gardener. Sea ice differs between the Arctic and Antarctic, primarily because of their different geography. HABITAT: Snowy owls have an extremely large range that includes Canada, the U.S., Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Sweden, Norway, Russia, China, and Japan — but they have been spotted as far afield as Portugal and Ireland. There are also more varieties of seals, including the crabeater, southern fur, and Weddell. They are known for having unmusical mating calls and powerful beaks. They are in the water so often that they’re considered a hybrid aquatic-land animal, hunting at the edge between ice and sea. Though the range of wildlife species in Antarctica is significantly less than in the Arctic, there are still many other animals to find. While travelers visit both locales in their respective summer seasons, these seasons fall in different times of the year: Arctic expedition cruises run from May through September, and Antarctic expeditions from November through March. Map of Antarctica. Typical animals in Arctic vs Antarctic: Polar bears. SIZE: 75 to 115cm long, 2.5 to 9kg (6 to 20 lbs), HABITAT: Throughout the Arctic tundra in Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Svalbard, Jan Mayen and Sweden. POPULATION: There’s a lot of uncertainty, since its territory is widespread and remote, but experts estimate a population of up to 220,000. When thinking of Arctic animals, the polar bear is generally the first species to come to mind. First, the size of plants and their structures make survival possible. Though they’re native to Antarctica, they’ve been spotted in Argentina and New Zealand, too. Males can weigh upwards of 8,000 pounds and 15 feet long, while females rarely exceed 1,800 pounds and nine feet long. To publish it, click on the 'Publish' button on the The Arctic is home to animals like polar bears, and the arctic fox, whereas Antarctica is home to the penguins, and a large population of whales. SIZE: 0.5m (1.6 ft) tall, with a wingspan of 1.5m (5 ft). Both climates can be extremely hostile, and they are each other's exact opposite: desert animals endure extreme heat, while arctic animals live within extreme cold. While Antarctica is nearly completely ice, the Artic has mountains, hills, plains, rivers, tundra, and the, Meet the Expert: Cruise Director Lynne Greig, Book Recommendations by the Zegrahm Expedition Team: Part 2, Top 10 Off the Beaten Path Travel Destinations for 2021, Book Recommendations by the Zegrahm Expedition Team: Part 1, Antarctica, South Georgia & the Falkland Islands, Least Visited Countries: The World's Most Isolated Destinations, Amenities, Benefits & Cost of a Luxury Trip to Antarctica, Edward Bransfield and the Discovery of the Antarctic Continent. The fauna is also not the same. Lifetime Deposits™ The main difference between arctic and desert species is the climate in which they live. They are actually more closely related to sheep than oxen: Their Latin name, Ovibos, translates to “sheep-ox.” Arctic wolves are their main natural predator. Source: Wikimedia. The Arctic is an ocean, covered by a thin layer of perennial sea ice and surrounded by land. Orcas and numerous other whales are common to the area, as are several species of birds. Antarctica, frankly, is not quite as hospitable a place as the Arctic. Both regions are cold, but Antarctica is considerably colder than the Arctic. — foreheads are called melons. This Webby award-winning video collection exists to help teachers, librarians, and families spark kid wonder and curiosity. While the Arctic is located in the North Pole region, the Antarctic is located at the South Pole. His interests include permaculture, cooking, and music. And, as anyone who’s seen Happy Feet knows, dads are the ones who care for the egg, keeping it tucked between their feet and belly feathers until it hatches. Antarctic and Arctic are two regions on Earth. Interestingly, there is one species of bird—the Arctic tern—which is famed for annually migrating from one polar region to the other. Are you sure you want to delete this blog post? 4. Arctic Animals A List of Arctic Wildlife Antarctic animals here - south polar. But this article is not only for them. Whereas the Arctic is an ocean with a thin layer of ice and surrounded by land, Antarctica is a continent, covered by a very thick ice cap. Many people do not know how the Arctic differs from the Antarctic? No land animals live in Antarctica but the surrounding seas have seal species such as Weddell, leopard, ross, crabeater, elephant and the Antarctic fur sea, penguin species like adelie, emperor and chinstrap and orcas (killer whales) and blue whales. Most are carnivores (they eat meat) and hunt for fish as well as smaller animals. HABITAT: Throughout the northern seas surrounding Canada, the U.S., Greenland, Russia, Svalbard and the island of Jan Mayen. Falkland Islands, Geography. The symbol of the Arctic is often the polar bear, the pole's cute yet fearsome top predator. The Arctic is a sea of ice surrounded by land and located at the highest latitudes of the northern hemisphere. What is the difference between Arctic and Antarctic? They are known to travel up to 3,000 miles every year and can run nearly 50 mph. Antarctic animals vs. Arctic beasts: A quick look at who lives where Five animals you'll find at either frigid end of the planet. Although sea ice moves around the Arctic basin, it tends to stay in the cold Arctic waters. Our field leaders gave us... We hope you enjoyed reading part one of our Travel at Home series and learning how Zegrahm’s intrepid expedition team is “traveling” during these... Have you ever found yourself fascinated by an unusual rock? right. Typically, though, they reside near the coastal waters of Antarctica, where they dine on squid and krill. The Arctic and Antarctic is home to many different species. The biggest difference between the Arctic and Antarctic is in the human presence. The main difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is geography. The primary difference between the Arctic and the Antarctic is a geological one. The Antarctic is home to only three terrestrial flowering plant species—Antarctic hair grass, Antarctic pearlwort and nonnative blue grass. Unlike other whales, narwhals do not migrate out of the frigid Arctic oceans. They’re tiny birds (about a quarter of a pound) and some fly over 55,000 miles a year on their round-trip journey between the Arctic and Antarctica. The poor critter never lives long enough to get anywhere (it basically freezes solid in … Both male and female walrus have the trademark tusks, which are used for defense, breaking ice, and climbing out of the water. Zegrahm Expeditions SIZE: 1.6 to 2.1m (5 to 6.9 ft) tall, 65 to 210kg (143 to 463 lbs). There are also interesting members of the weasel family: wolverines, ermines, and possibly minks. This post is a draft, and thus is not publicly visible. Ironically, this toothed whale has only one tooth—its famous “unicorn horn.” Nevertheless, they feed on fish, squid, and shrimp, while predators such as orca and polar bears sometimes feed on them. Geography - Antarctica is a land mass, a continent. Scotland, Antarctica is devoid of large land animals Another difference between the Arctic and Antarctica is that Antarctica is devoid of large land animals. thanks to a thick coat (the thickest of any Arctic animal), fur-covered feet (even the soles) and a bushy tail that does double duty as an additional layer of warmth. Sometimes contain over half a million birds, which they closely resemble musk... To global warming, increasingly less so ), but difference between arctic and antarctic animals are hunted! Of plants and animals called plankton untamed wildernesses in the cold Arctic waters feet... ( second only to southern elephant seals have incredible sexual dimorphism very interested in this as! 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