The Mercal network was also subject to frequent scarcities of basic staples such as meat, milk and sugar—and when scarce products arrived, shoppers had to wait in lines. En estas directrices se hacen recomendaciones mundiales actualizadas y basadas en datos científicos acerca de la ingesta de azúcares libres con el fin de reducir el riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles en adultos y niños; se presta especial atención a la prevención y al control de la caries dental y del aumento del peso hasta niveles no saludables.  He supported Latin American and Caribbean cooperation and was instrumental in setting up the pan-regional Union of South American Nations, the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States, the Bolivarian Alliance for the Americas, the Bank of the South and the regional television network TeleSUR. , On 7 October 2012, Chávez won election as president for a fourth time, his third six-year term. , On 28 December 2006, President Chávez announced that the government would not renew RCTV's broadcast license which expired on 27 May 2007, thereby forcing the channel to cease operations on that day.  On his tours around the country he met Marisabel Rodríguez, who would give birth to their daughter shortly before becoming his second wife in 1997. In less than 2-1/2 minutes you’ll have up to 18 cups--two large bowlfuls--of fluffy popcorn with virtually no unpopped kernels. He went on to read these books, which included titles by Karl Marx, Vladimir Lenin, and Mao Zedong, but his favorite was a work entitled The Times of Ezequiel Zamora, written about the 19th-century federalist general whom Chávez had admired as a child.  The number of his immediate family members in Venezuelan politics led to accusations of nepotism also. Distrustful as they were because of the mistreatment at the hands of the Venezuelan army in previous decades, Chávez gained their trust by joining the expeditions of an anthropologist to meet with them.  Since businesses make low profits, this leads to shortages since they are unable to import the goods that Venezuela is reliant on. , In May 2006, Chávez visited Europe in a private capacity, where he announced plans to supply cheap Venezuelan oil to poor working class communities in the continent.  One possible reason for shortages is the relationship between inflation and subsidies, where no profitability due to price regulations affect operations.  During his stay in Colombia, he spent six months receiving guerilla training and establishing contacts with the FARC and ELN terrorist groups, and even adopted a nom de guerre, Comandante Centeno.  He was inspired by Ezequiel Zamora (1817–1860), Simón Bolívar (1783–1830) and Simón Rodríguez (1769–1854), who became known as the "three roots of the tree" of the MBR-200.  The assembly also gave the military a mandated role in the government by empowering it to ensure public order and aid national development, which the previous constitution had expressly forbidden. In an interview cited by Venezuelan daily El Nacional, the former Chávez supporter said that the Venezuelan president died on 28 December, but his closest allies decided to delay the announcement and never submitted the death certificate to the Office of the Attorney General. , In order to ensure that his Bolivarian Revolution became socially ingrained in Venezuela, Chávez discussed his wish to stand for re-election when his term ran out in 2013, and spoke of ruling beyond 2030.  In his last years, after he discovered he had cancer, Chávez became more attached to the Catholic Church. Carlos Nieto—head of Window to Freedom—alleges that heads of gangs acquire military weapons from the state, saying: "They have the types of weapons that can only be obtained by the country's armed forces. Bolívar was a 19th-century general who led the fight against the colonialist Spanish authorities and who is widely revered across Latin America today. , The implied value or "black market value" is what Venezuelans believe the Bolivar Fuerte is worth compared to the United States dollar. With Velasco I became a Velasquist. And because the machine uses hot air instead of oil, the resulting snack is healthier and lower in calories. Regime survival was purchased at the cost of policy immobilism. , In 2010, Amnesty International criticized the Chávez administration for targeting critics following several politically motivated arrests.  Notably, the presidential term was expanded to six years, and he was allowed to run for two consecutive terms.  He founded two newspapers, El Correo del Presidente (The President's Post), founded in July, for which he acted as editor-in-chief, and Vea (See), another newspaper, as well as Question magazine and Vive TV. Sojo, Cleto A. , Chávez inaugurated TeleSUR in July 2005, a pan-American news channel similar to Al Jazeera, which sought to challenge Latin American television news by Univision and the United States-based CNN en Español.  He also would declare his belief in Darwin's theory of evolution, stating that "it is a lie that God created man from the ground". , Shortly after Hugo Chávez's election, ratings for freedom in Venezuela dropped according to political and human rights group Freedom House and Venezuela was rated "partly free".  For the position of president, Chávez's closest challenger proved to be his former friend and co-conspirator in the 1992 coup, Francisco Arias Cárdenas, who since becoming governor of Zulia state had turned towards the political centre and begun to denounce Chávez as autocratic. Muchas gracias!! Previously, a sitting president could not run for reelection for 10 years after leaving office. The National Assembly president Diosdado Cabello proposed to postpone the inauguration and the Supreme Court decided that, being just another term of the sitting president and not the inauguration of a new one, the formality could be bypassed. el cual me hace pensar que: alguien mas manipulo el reloj ( por ende le quito esas micas) antes de colocarlo en su caja como si fuera nuevo. , In June 2000 he separated from his wife Marisabel, and their divorce was finalised in January 2004.  Another unsuccessful coup against the government occurred in November, with the fighting during the coups resulting in the deaths of at least 143 people and perhaps as many as several hundred. According to Bloomberg, he changed Venezuela from a democracy to "a largely authoritarian system". – Edgardo Lander on Reality Asserts Itself (7/9)", "Sumate Directors Harassed, Facing Possible Detention", "Advancing the Revlution: Bringing the Attorney General's Office T Heel", "Venezuelan Mayor Carpriles (still) Held for Trial", "Corruption, Mismanagement, and Abuse of Power in Hugo Chávez's Venezuela", "The Corruption of Democracy in Venezuela", "Factbox: Transparency International's global corruption index", "Gallup Launches Worldwide Corruption Index". By 2006, all of the 32 operating agreements signed with private corporations during the 1990s had been converted from being primarily or solely corporate-run to being at least 51% controlled by PDVSA. Be Logged In to access exclusive deals & lower prices on 100's of items! However, the inauguration was postponed due to his cancer treatment, and he died in Caracas on 5 March 2013 at the age of 58..  The price controls increased the demand for basic foods while making it difficult for Venezuela to import goods causing increased reliance on domestic production.  Venezuelans, particularly poor ones, began seeing him as someone who stood up against government corruption and kleptocracy. The opposition considers the affair as a corrupt case and spokespeople have assured that the public officials deliberately imported more food that could be distributed to embezzle funds through the import of subsidized supplies. Mezcla bien. He was sent to take command of the remote barracks at Elorza in Apure State, where he organized social events for the community and contacted the local indigenous tribal peoples, the Cuiva and Yaruro. , Chávez was a Catholic. Freedom of Expression". The referendum in December 1999 on whether to adopt it saw a low turnout with an abstention vote of over 50%.  Such occurrences, especially the risk of default and the unfriendliness toward private businesses, led to a lack of foreign investment and stronger foreign currencies, though the Venezuelan government argued that the private sector had remained relatively unchanged during Chavez's presidency despite several nationalizations. , The red line represents what the Venezuelan government officially rates the VEFSources: Banco Central de Venezuela, Dolar Paralelo, Federal Reserve Bank, International Monetary Fund, In the first few years of Chavez's office, his newly created social programs required large payments in order to make the desired changes. He defeated Henrique Capriles with 54% of the votes versus 45% for Capriles, which was a lower victory margin than in his previous presidential wins, in the 2012 Venezuelan presidential election.
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